E-KEM Scinces

Pioneering Contributions of Dr. K.M. Abraham

Dr. K.M. Abraham has been involved with the research and development of rechargeable Lithium battery technologies from its infancy and has made many pioneering contributions. The following is a list of his key contributions to the growth of rechargeable lithium and lithium ion batteries. He also made important contributions to the improved understanding of the chemistry, performance and safety of several Li primary batteries.

First practical rechargeable lithium battery with long cycle life:

  "Secondary Lithium Cells", Proceedings of the Symposium on Power Sources for Biomedical Implantable Applications and Ambient Temperature Lithium Batteries", B. B. Owens and N. Margalit, eds. The Electrochemical Society, 80-4, 384 (1980).
"Rechargeable Li/Vanadium-Oxide Cells Utilizing 2Me-THF/LiAsF6",J. Electrochem. Soc., 128, 2493 (1981);
..and many subsequent papers on  rechargeable Li cells, including the  first performance data for 3 - 7 ampere-hour capacity batteries, published  in the Journal of  Electrochemical Society and the Journal of Power Sources.
"Rechargeability of the Ambient Temperature Cells, Li/2Me-THF, LiAsF6/Cr0.5V0.5S2",  J. Electrochem. Soc.,   130, 2309 (1983).
"Recent Advances in Secondary Lithium Battery Technology", plenary lecture delivered at the Second International Meeting on Lithium Batteries, Paris, France, April 1984, J. Power Sources, 14, 179 (1985)

First Rechargeable Lithium-Sulfur battery

  "A Lithium/Dissolved Sulfur Battery with an Organic Electrolyte", J. Electrochem. Soc., 126, 523 (1979)

Mixed solvents based non-aqueous electrolytes for improved low temperature performance of lithium batteries


"Mixed Ether Electrolytes for Secondary Lithium Batteries with Improved Low Temperature Performance",  J. Electrochem. Soc.,, 133, 643 (1986).

Moderate temperature rechargeable sodium batteries

  "A Low Temperature Na-S Battery Incorporating a Soluble S Cathode",  Electrochim. Acta,  23, 501 (1978)
"Moderate Temperature Na Cells,  I. Transition Metal Disulfide Cathodes", J.  Electrochem. Soc, 127, 2545 (1980)
Moderate Temperature Sodium Cells,  V. Discharge Reactions and Rechargeability of NiS and NiS2 Positive Electrodes in Molten NaAlCl4", J. Electrochem.  Soc., 131, 2211 (1984)

Pioneering studies leading to the development of highly conductive polymer electrolytes


"Li+-Conductive Solid Polymer Electrolytes with Liquid-like Conductivity", J. Electrochem. Soc., 137, 1657(1990).
This paper has been identified as an Electrochemical Society classic with more than 300 citations.

Preparation and Li-ion battery performance studies of polymer separator membranes supported polymer electrolytes, which form the basis of commercial Li-ion batteries

  "Polymer Electrolytes Reinforced by Celgard(RM) Membranes",  J. Electrochem. Soc., 142, 683 (1995).

Chemical shuttle reagents for overcharge protection of Li-ion batteries

  "n-Butylferrocene for Overcharge Protection of Secondary Lithium Batteries", J. Electrochem. Soc., 137 1856 (1990).

Pioneering studies of the key role played by micro porous polymer separators on the performance and safety of Li batteries

  "Directions in Secondary Lithium Battery Research and Development”, Electrochim. Acta, 38, 1233 (1993).

Rechargeable Lithium-Air battery, which is being pursued worldwide

  "A Polymer Electrolyte-based Rechargeable Lithium/Oxygen Battery", J. Electrochem. Soc., 143,  1 (1996).

Experimental demonstration of the liquid to polymer electrolyte continuum behavior of Li-ion conducting non- aqueous electrolytes

  “Conductivity-Temperature Behavior of Organic Electrolytes”, Electrochem. and Solid-State Lett., 2, 486 (1999).

Development of large format Li-ion batteries for telecom and cable-TV power backup applications leading to commercial business

  “Low Cost Lithium-Ion Batteries for Cable TV/Telecom Power Backup”, in Proceedings of the 2004 Intelec Meeting, Chicago, September 20004.

Lithium Primary Battery Contributions

  "Some Chemistry in the Li/SOCl2 Cell",  J. Electrochem. Soc., 127, 2091 (1980)
"Characterization of Reactions and Products of the Discharge and Forced Overdischarge of Li/SO2 Cells",  J. Electrochem. Soc., 129, 1857 (1982)
"The Lithium Surface Film in the Li/SO2 Cell",  J. Electrochem. Soc., 133, 1307 (1986)
"Characterization of Li/SO2Cl2 and Li/'SO2Cl2+Cl2' Cells",  J. Electrochem. Soc., 135, 2917 (1988)